Prostate cancer is the UK’s third biggest cancer killer. For the first time the disease has overtaken breast cancer. 

While lung and bowel cancer remain the top two cancer killers in the UK, prostate is slowly making its way up the ranks. 

One of the signs of prostate cancer is needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night. 

While it’s not a symptoms of the cancer itself, it could be a sign of the disease: frequent peeing at night is linked to a possible tumour causing the prostate gland to swell. 

If you visit a doctor with this symptom they might well examine your prostate gland to determine whether it is enlarged, inflamed with an infection, or cancerous.

There are five other signs – linked to urination – of prostate cancer men should be aware of: 

  • needing to rush to the toilet
  • difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)
  • straining or taking a long time while urinating
  • weak flow
  • feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully 

The NHS explains on its website that a man’s age increases his risk of this type of cancer. It reads: “[The] risk rises as you get older and most cases are diagnosed in men over 50 years of age.”

Prostate cancer is also more common among men of African-Caribbean and African descent than in men of Asian descent.

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a small gland in the pelvis. Only men have one – and it’s about the size of a satsuma. 

The gland is located between the penis and the bladder and surrounds the urethra.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed? 

Unfortunately, there is no single definitive test for prostate cancer. There are three common routes doctors use to test for the disease.

Biopsy, Digital rectal examination (DRE) and PSA testing. 

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